COMPOSTING 101: City of Melbourne Gives a Basic Guide on How to Compost

Making compost keeps materials out of landfills where they take up space and release methane

Compost is organic material that can be added to soil to help plants grow. Food scraps and yard waste together currently make up about 30 percent of what we throw away and should be composted instead. Making compost keeps these materials out of landfills where they take up space and release methane, a potent greenhouse gas. (City of Melbourne image)

BREVARD COUNTY • MELBOURNE, FLORIDA – Compost is organic material that can be added to soil to help plants grow.

Food scraps and yard waste together currently make up about 30 percent of what we throw away and should be composted instead.

Making compost keeps these materials out of landfills where they take up space and release methane, a potent greenhouse gas.

The following is a basic guide to composting to help you get started.

There are many additional helpful resources online, including guides to composting by the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS) and the Environmental Protection Agency.

How to Compost

Step 1: Find a location for a composter (sunny spots are preferred).

Step 2: Add 2 parts brown for Carbon:

  • Dry leaves
  • Newspaper
  • Paper towels
  • Hay
  • Shredded paper
  • 100% cotton fabric

Step 3: Add 1 part green for Nitrogen

  • Vegetable trimmings
  • Green leaves
  • Grass clippings
  • Tea Bags
  • Coffee Grounds
  • Weeds

Step 4: Add air (Tumble or turn every week to increase oxygen.)

Step 5: Add water (Compost should be moist.)

What to Compost

Carbon Materials (“Browns”)

“Browns” are items like dry leaves shown in the picture above, as well as newspaper, paper towels, hay, shredded paper, and 100% cotton fabric. (Photo used courtesy of Metro)

“Greens” should be added. Greens also include green leaves, grass clippings tea bags, coffee grounds, and weeds.

Do Not Include

Do not include the following items in your composter:

  • Meat
  • Dairy
  • Animal manure
  • Diseased plants
  • Oils
  • Plastic

Can I Compost It? 

Not sure about an item? Check the “Can I Compost It?” guide from IFAS.

$50 Rebates for City of Melbourne Residents 

For a limited time, the city is offering customers who live within the city limits of Melbourne up to a $50 rebate for purchasing and installing a composter that has at least a 30-gallon capacity.

Read more about the Composter Rebate Program or contact the Environmental Community Outreach (ECO) Division at (321) 608-5080 or rebates@mlbfl.org.

For a limited time, the city is offering customers who live within the city limits of Melbourne up to a $50 rebate for purchasing and installing a composter that has at least a 30-gallon capacity. (City of Melbourne image)

There are many additional helpful resources online, including guides to composting by the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS) and the Environmental Protection Agency. (City of Melbourne image)

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